Table 1—

Baseline patient characteristics according to the presence of diabetes

DiabetesNo diabetesP*
n1,0313,753
Age (years)64.2 ± 7.564.4 ± 7.70.7
Sex
 Male497 (48.2)1,557 (41.5)<0.001
 Female534 (51.8)2,196 (58.5)
CV risk factors for inclusion
 Old age496 (48.1)1,870 (49.8)0.3
 Hypertension643 (62.4)2,580 (68.8)<0.001
 Family history84 (8.2)406 (10.8)0.01
 Obesity340 (33.0)790 (21.1)<0.001
 Hypercholesterolemia308 (29.9)1,498 (39.9)<0.001
CV risk factors (n)
 One109 (10.6)1,344 (35.8)<0.001
 Two309 (30.0)1,560 (41.6)
 Three or more613 (59.5)849 (22.6)
Smoking
 Ex257 (25.2)895 (24.0)0.9
 Current168 (16.5)555 (14.9)
CV drugs
 Antihypertensive drugs624 (60.5)2,523 (67.2)<0.001
 Lipid lowering131 (12.7)595 (15.9)0.01
BMI (kg/m2)29.0 ± 5.027.3 ± 4.5<0.001
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)148.7 ± 17.1144.6 ± 16.0<0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)84.9 ± 9.085.5 ± 8.40.03
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)224.6 ± 44.0237.8 ± 44.7<0.001
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)49.8 ± 16.253.8 ± 17.0<0.001
Triglycerides (mg/dl)175.1 ± 105.9149.7 ± 80.4<0.001
  • Data are means ± SD or n (%). CV, cardiovascular.

  • * χ2 for categorical variables, and Mann-Whitney U test for continuous ones.