Table 3—

Relationship of birth weight quartile to fasting insulin and MLBM with and without adjustments for weight and body size

Birth weight quartile
*P
1234
Fasting insulin (mU/l)16.8 ± 1.113.5 ± 1.115.6 ± 1.015.1 ± 1.10.2
Fasting insulin (mU/l)17.2 ± 0.915.2 ± 0.915.0 ± 0.913.6 ± 0.90.008
Fasting insulin (mU/l)16.6 ± 0.914.8 ± 0.915.0 ± 0.914.5 ± 0.90.3
MLBM (mg · kg LBM−1 · min−1)12.1 ± 0.512.1 ± 0.511.9 ± 0.513.1 ± 0.50.2
MLBM (mg · kg LBM−1 · min−1)12.1 ± 0.512.0 ± 0.512.0 ± 0.513.2 ± 0.50.3
MLBM (mg · kg LBM−1 · min−1)12.1 ± 0.512.1 ± 0.512.0 ± 0.513.1 ± 0.50.3
  • Data are means ± SE. Data are adjusted by linear regression for age, Tanner stage, sex, ethnicity, screening blood pressure strata, and additional covariates as indicated.

  • *

    * P for the linear trend across the four categories of birth weight;

  • adjusted for weight;

  • adjusted for BMI.