Table 1—

Maternal characteristics, glycemic values, and rate of LGA newborns in pregnancies with a fetal AC < or ≥90th percentile

AC <90th percentileAC ≥90th percentileP
n30068
Maternal history
 Age (years)30.2 ± 5.431.5 ± 5.40.08
 Parity1.9 ± 1.22.4 ± 2.00.013
 Prepregnancy weight (kg)71.5 ± 15.980.4 ± 20.00.0001
 Prepregnancy BMI (kg/m2)26.8 ± 5.929.8 ± 5.10.03
 Prepregnancy BMI >30 kg/m2 (%)25.744.10.002
 Prior GDM (%)10.011.80.6
 Prior LGA (%)8.025.0<0.0001
Maternal glycemic values
 GA at diagnosis27.1 ± 5.527.1 ± 5.80.6
 OGTT
  fasting (mg/dl)93.4 ± 23.798.3 ± 39.80.2
  1-h (mg/dl)198.7 ± 38.6202.2 ± 38.00.5
  2-h (mg/dl)151.5 ± 41.5150.0 ± 40.10.8
 GDM (%)74.875.40.7
 IGT (%)25.224.60.8
Study entry
 Gestational age at entry28.8 ± 5.326.8 ± 5.90.6
 Mean capillary glucose of the profile (mg/dl)86.188.2 ± 12.50.3
 HbA1c (%)6.1 ± 1.36.3 ± 1.10.3
Weight gain (kg)11.5 ± 6.512.1 ± 5.20.4
Insulin use (%)7.010.30.5
Neonatal parameter
 LGA (%)12.643.1<0.0001
  • Continuous variables are means ± SD.