Table 1

Characteristics of study participants by ethnic group and sex

WomenMen
White n = 256,806South Asian n = 4,479Black n = 4,596Chinese n = 965White n = 214,368South Asian n = 5,152Black n = 3,353Chinese n = 569
Median (IQR)Median (IQR)Median (IQR)Median (IQR)Median (IQR)Median (IQR)Median (IQR)Median (IQR)
Age (years)60 (52–65)54 (48–61)52 (47–59)54 (48–60)60 (53–66)55 (47–62)52 (46–59)53 (47–61)
BMI (kg/m2)26.1 (23.4–29.6)26.7 (24.0–30.0)29.7 (26.1–33.7)22.9 (21.0–25.4)27.3 (24.9–30.1)26.5 (24.4–29.1)27.9 (25.5–30.6)24.9 (23.0–27.0)
Weight (kg)69.1 (61.8–78.6)65.4 (68.4–74.0)77.9 (68.4–89.1)57.2 (52.0–63.4)84.5 (76.5–94.0)77.0 (69.7–85.5)84.2 (76.1–93.9)70.8 (65.2–77.6)
Body fat (%)36.7 (32.0–41.3)38.0 (33.8–42.1)40.4 (35.6–44.3)30.1 (25.9–34.2)25.4 (21.6–29.1)26.2 (22.9–29.4)25.6 (21.7–29.0)21.1 (17.8–24.7)
WC (cm)83 (75–92)86 (78–94)91 (82–100)75 (70–82)96 (89–104)95 (89–102)94 (87–101)87 (81–93)
HC (cm)102 (96–108)101 (95–107)107 (100–114)93 (89–98)103 (99–107)100 (95–104)103 (98–108)96 (93–100)
WHR0.81 (0.77–0.86)0.85 (0.80–0.90)0.84 (0.79–0.90)0.81 (0.77–0.86)0.93 (0.89–0.98)0.95 (0.91–0.99)0.91 (0.87–0.95)0.90 (0.87–0.94)
Physical activity (MET, min/week)2,533 (1,455–4,547)2,226 (1,215–4,053)2,300 (1,299–4,053)2,314 (1,342–4,485)2,648 (1,448–5,092)2,162 (1,158–3,908)2,415 (1,273–4,938)2,093 (3,684–1,164)
n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%)
Diabetes8,869 (3.5)618 (13.8)475 (10.3)48 (5.0)14,014 (6.5)1,068 (20.7)431 (12.9)44 (7.7)
 Missing4848643256291234815
Heart diseases65,603 (25.5)1,274 (28.4)1,882 (41.0)197 (20.1)74,281 (34.6)1,902 (36.7)1,242 (36.9)139 (24.1)
 Missing45284461235797347
Deprivation
 1 (least)52,586 (20.5)454 (9.9)125 (2.7)148 (15.0)44,358 (20.6)453 (8.6)91 (2.7)83 (14.3)
 252,766 (20.5)446 (9.8)212 (4.6)145 (14.7)44,009 (20.5)476 (9.0)146 (4.3)95 (16.3)
 352,837 (20.5)699 (15.3)380 (8.2)165 (16.7)42,988 (20.0)734 (14.0)264 (7.8)82 (14.1)
 451,600 (20.1)1,337 (29.3)953 (20.5)254 (25.7)41,774 (19.5)1,445 (27.4)675 (19.4)146 (25.1)
 5 (most)47,197 (18.4)1,625 (35.7)2,964 (64.0)275 (27.9)4,1607 (19.4)2,158 (41.0)2,210 (65.3)176 (30.2)
Alcohol frequency
 Never20,964 (8.15)2,472 (54.4)1,125 (24.4)305 (30.9)10,989 (5.1)692 (23.1)690 (20.4)123 (21.1)
 Daily43,026 (16.7)131 (2.9)184 (4.0)45 (4.6)56,287 (26.2)404 (13.5)327 (9.7)60 (10.3)
 3–4/week54,723 (21.3)202 (4.5)329 (7.1)42 (4.3)57,692 (26.9)464 (15.5)446 (13.2)54 (9.3)
 1–2/week67,868 (26.4)424 (9.3)761 (16.5)108 (10.9)56,322 (26.2)667 (22.3)822 (24.3)99 (17.0)
 1–3/month33,734 (13.1)311 (6.8)648 (14.0)103 (10.4)19,019 (8.9)289 (9.7)409 (12.1)69 (11.8)
 Occasional36,807 (14.3)1,004 (22.1)1,570 (34.0)384 (38.9)14,522 (6.8)480 (16.0)696 (20.5)179 (30.7)
  • P value <0.0001 for all variables. HC, hip circumference; IQR, interquartile range; WC, waist circumference.