Table 1—

General characteristics of the group studied

MenWomenTotal
n442165
Age (years)43.8 (9.3)42.1 (8.7)43.2 (9.1)
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)*129.9 (14.2)111.1 (10.5)123.8 (15.7)
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)*77.9 (9.3)71.7 (6.9)75.9 (9.3)
BMI (kg/m2)26.7 (2.5)25.4 (3.6)26.2 (2.9)
Waist circumference (cm)*103.7 (7.6)78.7 (12.4)94.5 (15.3)
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)5.69 (1.35)5.22 (0.99)5.54 (1.26)
Triglycerides (mmol/l)*1.51 (0.45)1.02 (0.38)1.34 (0.48)
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)*1.07 (0.16)1.43 (0.33)1.19 (0.28)
Apolipoprotein B (g/l)*1.14 (0.29)0.86 (0.22)1.05 (0.30)
Leptin (μmol/l)400.2 (159.8)404.6 (140.8)401.6 (152.8)
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l)5.02 (0.47)4.97 (0.52)4.99 (0.51)
Fasting plasma glucose at 120 min (mmol/l)5.75 (1.55)5.09 (1.59)5.56 (1.57)
Fasting plasma insulin (mU/l)*11.5 (4.6)8.7 (5.8)10.5 (4.8)
Fasting plasma insulin at 120 min (mU/l)*54.6 (31.9)34.6 (33.0)48.5 (33.7)
Si ×10−4 mU · l−1 · min−1*2.9 (1.3)5.0 (1.9)3.6 (1.8)
HOMA*2.5 (1.1)1.8 (1.1)2.3 (1.1)
QUICKI*0.33 (0.02)0.36 (0.02)0.34 (0.02)
McAuley*6.5 (1.4)8.2 (1.5)7.1 (1.6)
  • Data are means (SD).

  • * P < 0.01 between men and women.