Table 2—

Classification of subjects according to presence of abdominal obesity

Without abdominal obesityWith abdominal obesityP
n (men/women)37 (21/16)24 (16/5)
Age (years)41.2 (9.7)46.1 (9.4)0.005
BMI (kg/m2)25.1 (2.9)27.7 (2.4)<0.001
Waist circumference (cm)85.4 (12.8)106.6 (8.5)<0.001
Leptin (μmol/l)18.8 (10.3)27.5 (13.8)0.013
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)119.1 (18.1)129.9 (9.1)<0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)73.0 (9.7)79.7 (6.3)0.001
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)5.39 (1.30)5.76 (1.20)0.266
Triglycerides (mmol/l)1.12 (0.45)1.63 (0.36)<0.001
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.28 (0.31)1.08 (1.19)0.006
Apolipoprotein B (g/l)0.98 (0.31)1.14 (0.25)0.024
Fasting free fatty acids (μmol/l)392.4 (145.2)413.8 (164.4)0.721
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l)4.90 (0.50)5.13 (0.49)0.174
Fasting plasma glucose at 120 min (mmol/l)5.29 (1.36)5.89 (1.80)0.153
Fasting plasma insulin (mU/l)8.5 (4.1)13.1 (4.4)<0.001
Fasting plasma insulin at 120 min (mU/l)37.0 (25.3)61.8 (36.7)0.001
Si (×10−4 mU · l−1 · min−1)4.5 (1.8)2.4 (0.9)<0.001
HOMA1.8 (0.8)2.9 (1.1)<0.001
QUICKI0.38 (0.02)0.33 (0.02)<0.001
McAuley7.9 (1.5)6.0 (1.0)<0.001
  • Data are means (SD).