Table 1—

Clinical features of patients with DMI

Number of patientsNumber of episodesEpisodes/ patientAge (range) (years)Sex (male/female)Diabetes typeDuration of diabetes (range) (years)Complications (n/reported)
1151661.4442.6361/54Type 1: 68 (59.1%)14.35Nephropathy: 74/104 (71.1%)
(19–81)(38.47%)/(61.53%)Type 2: 27 (23.8%)(0–50)Retinopathy: 56/99 (56.6%)
Not indicated 20 (17.1%)Neuropathy: 54/99 (54.5%)
Muscle involvedWeeks from onset (range)Clinical featuresCK levelLeucocytosisESR increased
Thigh: 139 (83.7%)3.98Pain: 133 (80.12%)High: 27/56 (48.2%)7.01 (8%)28 (52.8%)
Calf: 32 (19.28%)(1 day to 40 weeks)Swelling: 126 (75.9%)Normal: 29/56 (52.7%)
Both: 4 (2.41%)Mass: 56 (33.73%)Not reported: 110
Bilateral: 14 (8.43%)Fever: 3 (10.71%)
BiopsiesTreatmentWeeks until resolution (range)Recurrences
Fine-needle: 39Bed rest: 32 (19.28%)4Same muscle: 10 (8.69%)
Open: 29Analgesics: 48 (28.92%)(2–17)Another muscle: 45 (39.13%)
Total: 95Physical therapy: 23 (13.86%)
Type not reported: 27Not indicated: 36 (21.69%)