Table 2

Logistic regression analysis of the association between adiposity and diabetes by ethnic group and sex

ModelWomenMen
WhiteSouth AsianBlackChineseWhiteSouth AsianBlackChinese
Reference groupOR (95% CI)P valueOR (95% CI)P valueOR (95% CI)P valueReference groupOR (95% CI)P valueOR (95% CI)P valueOR (95% CI)P value
BMI11.04.8 (4.3–5.2)<0.0012.1 (1.9–2.3)<0.0012.7 (2.0–3.7)<0.0011.047 (4.4–5.1)<0.0012.0 (1.8–2.3)<0.0012.0 (1.5–2.7)<0.001
2*1.05.4 (4.9–5.9)<0.0012.1 (1.9–2.4)<0.0013.3 (2.4–4.4)<0.0011.05.8 (5.4–6.3)<0.0012.4 (2.1–2.7)<0.0012.6 (1.9–3.6)<0.001
3#1.03.7 (3.1–4.5)<0.0011.5 (1.3–1.8)<0.0011.7 (0.9–3.0)0.0521.04.2 (3.7–4.8)<0.0012.2 (1.8–2.6)<0.0013.3 (2.1–5.2)<0.001
WC11.04.6 (4.2–5.1)<0.0012.1 (1.9–2.4)<0.0013.2 (2.4–4.3)<0.0011.04.6 (4.3–5.0)<0.0012.6 (2.3–2.9)<0.0012.5 (1.8–3.4)<0.001
2*1.05.1 (4.6–5.6)<0.0012.2 (2.0–2.4)<0.0013.7 (2.8–5.0)<0.0011.05.4 (5.0–5.8)<0.0012.8 (2.5–3.2)<0.0013.0 (2.2–4.2)<0.001
3#1.03.6 (3.0–4.2)<0.0011.6 (1.3–1.9)<0.0012.0 (1.2–3.4)<0.0011.03.9 (3.4–4.4)<0.0012.5 (2.1–3.0)<0·0013.6 (2.2–5.6)<0.001
% BF11.05.3 (4.8–5.8)<0.0012.2 (2.0–2.5)<0.0013.0 (2.2–4.0)<0.0011.04.6 (4.3–5.0)<0.0012.3 (2.0–2.5)<0.0012.3 (1.7–3.1)<0.001
2*1.04.5 (4.1–5.0)<0.0012.3 (2.0–2.5)<0.0013.4 (2.5–4.6)<0.0011.04.2 (3.9–4.6)<0.0012.3 (2.1–2.6)<0.0012.5 (1.8–3.4)<0.001
3#1.03.1 (2.6–3.7)<0.0011.6 (1.3–1.9)<0.0011.6 (0.9–2.8)0.0961.03.2 (2.8–3.6)<0.0012.1 (1.8–2.5)<0.0013.0 (1.9–4.8)<0.001
WHR11.03.3 (3.1–3.7)<0.0012.4 (2.2–2.7)<0.0011.6 (1.2–2.2)<0.0011.03.4 (3.2–3.7)<0.0012.9 (2.6–3.2)<0.0011.8 (1.3–2.5)<0.001
2*1.03.6 (3.3–3.9)<0.0012.3 (2.1–2.5)<0.0011.8 (1.4–2.5)<0.0011.03.8 (3.6–4.2)<0.0012.9 (2.6–3.2)<0.0012.1 (1.5–2.9)<0.001
3#1.02.5 (2.1–3.0)<0.0011.6 (1.4–1.9)<0.0011.1 (0.7–2.1)0.4531.03.0 (2.6–3.4)<0.0012.6 (2.2–3.1)<0.0012.8 (1.7–4.4)<0.001
  • Whites are the referent group. P values are in comparison with the white group. Adiposity included as a continuous variable in models. % BF, percentage body fat; OR, odds ratio; WC, waist circumference.

  • ‡Univariate analyses.

  • *Adjusted for age and socioeconomic status.

  • #Adjusted for age, socioeconomic status, physical activity, heart disease, and alcohol consumption.