Table 1—

Baseline characteristics of 2,953 Japanese male office workers, according to alcohol intake

CharacteristicsAlcohol intake (g ethanol/day)
00.1–22.923.0–45.946.0–68.9≥69.0
n421534698881419
Age (years)47.4 ± 6.345.7 ± 6.246.0 ± 6.346.6 ± 5.947.1 ± 5.3
Family history of diabetes (%)6.79.27.77.49.8
BMI (kg/m2)23.3 ± 2.823.2 ± 2.723.1 ± 2.423.3 ± 2.623.7 ± 2.6
Current smoker (%)45.442.546.454.663.5
Regular physical activity at least once a week (%)42.052.451.656.854.7
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)124.9 ± 14.9124.4 ± 14.5124.5 ± 13.5128.5 ± 13.8130.6 ± 14.3
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)75.0 ± 11.376.2 ± 10.576.2 ± 10.478.5 ± 10.580.1 ± 10.5
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l)4.99 ± 0.374.98 ± 0.354.97 ± 0.345.00 ± 0.354.99 ± 0.36
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)5.03 ± 0.825.01 ± 0.824.92 ± 0.794.99 ± 0.835.05 ± 0.81
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.29 ± 0.301.35 ± 0.301.40 ± 0.291.45 ± 0.351.48 ± 0.36
γ-Glutamyltransferase (units/l)25.6 ± 30.127.4 ± 27.130.5 ± 28.941.4 ± 33.461.3 ± 56.3
Aspartate aminotransferase (units/l)22.1 ± 9.621.2 ± 8.321.6 ± 7.422.5 ± 7.527.2 ± 15.5
Alanine aminotransferase (units/l)23.8 ± 16.924.0 ± 16.123.6 ± 14.123.3 ± 12.927.1 ± 15.8
  • Data are means ± SD unless indicated otherwise.