Table 1—

Clinical features of type 2 diabetic patients at baseline

Intervention group (n = 182)Control group (n = 158)P*
Sex (men/women)88/9473/85
Age (years)62.0 ± 0.761.6 ± 0.80.71
BMI (kg/m2)29.3 ± 0.229.8 ± 0.30.16
HbA1c (%)7.6 ± 0.17.7 ± 0.10.48
Duration of diabetes (years)7.6 ± 0.37.6 ± 0.40.90
Diet only20 (11)15 (10)0.78
Oral antidiabetic drugs139 (76)118 (75)0.81
Insulin23 (13)25 (16)0.49
Insulin + metformin40 (22)32 (20)0.79
Diet prescription (kcal/day)1,535 ± 341,460 ± 310.11
Units/day of insulin51 ± 447 ± 50.53
Energy expenditure through voluntary physical activity (METs × h/week)1.0 ± 0.30.8 ± 0.20.59
Percent of patients >10 METs × h/week2.83.80.53
  • Data are means ± SE or n (%).

  • *

    * P = control group versus intervention group.