Table 3—

Effects of the 2-year intervention on levels of physical activity (energy expenditure through voluntary physical activity, METs × h/week), caloric intake, BMI, and HbA1c compared with the usual care (control group)

Intervention group
Control group
P*
2 yearsΔ versus basal2 yearsΔ versus basal
Percent of patients > 10 METs × h/week69+66.218+14.2<0.001
METs × h/week27.1 ± 2.0+26 ± 2.04.1 ± 0.8+3.2 ± 0.7<0.001
Diet prescription (kcal/day)1,677 ± 36+142 ± 101,485 ± 31−25 ± 4<0.01
BMI (kg/m2)28.9 ± 0.2−0.4 ± 0.130.4 ± 0.3+0.6 ± 0.1<0.01
HbA1c (%)7.0 ± 0.1−0.6 ± 0.057.6 ± 0.1−0.1 ± 0.04<0.001
  • Data are means ± SE.

  • *

    * P = control group versus intervention group.