Table 1—

Characteristics of 18 patients and 20 wounds undergoing treatment with standard care or maggot therapy

Conventional therapyMDT
n wounds monitored1414
 Duration (weeks)40 (13.5; 4–312)44 (21; 4–318)
 Size (cm2)6.3 (6.6; 0.5–15.5)13.3 (7.8; 0.9–42)
 Circumference (cm)9.4 (10.3; 2.5–16.6)13.5 (10.7; 3.3–27.7)
 Depth to periosteum or into bone (%)1421
 Necrotic tissue (% total surface)44 (35; 0–100)38 (38; 0–90)
 Granulation tissue (% total surface)18 (0; 0–90)19 (1; 0–100)
Pathologic precursors (26)
 Ischemic (%)77
 Neuropathic (%)8664
 Mixed or undefined (%)729
Prior treatment (n [%])
 Dry gauze, saline, petrolatum, aloe, other gel3 (21.4)3 (21.4)
 Topical antimicrobial1 (7.1)1 (7.1)
 Chemical debriding agent1 (7.1)0
 Sharp debridement, incision and drainage, other surgical procedure5 (35.7)8 (57.1)
 Three or more different nonsurgical methods4 (28.6)2 (14.3)
Patient age (years)68 (72; 53–82)63 (62; 53–74)
Underlying illnesses
 Peripheral venous or arterial disease (%)6493
 Cigarette smoker (%)2314
 Mean ideal body weight (%)114129
 Mean albumin (g/dl)3.73.7
 Mean hemoglobin (g/dl)12.413.2
 Receiving systemic antibiotics (n [%])2 (14)3 (21)
  • Data are means (median and range), unless otherwise specified. Six wounds received conventional therapy only, six received maggot therapy only, and eight received conventional therapy followed by maggot therapy.