Table 3—

Stage at end of study: PTC intervention compared with TAU in three self-care behaviors

Pre-actionActionMaintenance
SMBG
 TAU81.6%10.9%7.5%χ2 = 66.72
 TAU + strips73.0%17.3%9.7%P < 0.001
 PTC69.6%12.1%18.4%n = 860
 PTC + strips56.6%10.2%33.2%
Healthy eating
 TAU74.2%25.8%0%χ2 = 26.52
 PTC67.5%21.1%11.4%P < 0.001
n = 445
Smoking
 TAU88.4%11.6%0%χ2 = 7.01
 PTC76.7%17.8%5.5%P = 0.03
n = 168
  • At baseline, 100% of participants were in pre-action.