Table 1—

Age-adjusted prevalence of individual metabolic abnormalities of the metabolic syndrome as defined by ATP III and WHO among 8,608 U.S. adults aged ≥20 years (NHANES III, 1988–1994)

ATP III
WHO
Abdominal obesityHypertri-glyceridemiaLow HDL cholesterolHigh blood pressure or medication useHigh glucose or medication useCentral obesityHyper-lipidemiaHigh blood pressure or medication useGlucose >110 mg/dl or medication useInsulin resistanceAlbumin-to-creatinine ratio ≥20 mg/g
Total38.7 ± 0.929.8 ± 1.137.0 ± 1.334.0 ± 0.812.6 ± 0.567.5 ± 0.948.6 ± 1.419.0 ± 0.712.6 ± 0.526.3 ± 0.912.6 ± 0.5
Men30.4 ± 1.235.0 ± 1.735.1 ± 1.538.2 ± 1.415.6 ± 0.877.3 ± 1.149.5 ± 1.719.6 ± 1.115.6 ± 0.828.6 ± 1.311.1 ± 0.7
Women46.7 ± 1.224.6 ± 1.039.1 ± 1.529.4 ± 0.89.9 ± 0.657.8 ± 1.347.8 ± 1.618.0 ± 0.89.9 ± 0.624.2 ± 1.214.1 ± 0.7
Race or ethnicity
 White37.8 ± 0.930.9 ± 1.337.7 ± 1.632.8 ± 1.011.9 ± 0.666.0 ± 1.149.4 ± 1.618.2 ± 0.811.9 ± 0.623.9 ± 1.111.6 ± 0.6
 African-American44.8 ± 1.217.8 ± 0.828.7 ± 1.446.6 ± 0.915.2 ± 0.967.9 ± 0.737.1 ± 1.329.9 ± 0.915.2 ± 0.934.5 ± 1.517.7 ± 0.9
 Mexican-American45.5 ± 1.338.2 ± 1.039.9 ± 1.436.7 ± 1.220.0 ± 1.082.9 ± 0.856.3 ± 1.317.8 ± 1.020.0 ± 1.040.1 ± 1.015.7 ± 1.1
 Other33.8 ± 5.327.2 ± 3.337.1 ± 4.529.7 ± 2.914.1 ± 2.068.9 ± 2.848.0 ± 4.013.7 ± 2.114.1 ± 2.030.2 ± 3.514.7 ± 2.1
Men
 White31.3 ± 1.236.8 ± 2.036.6 ± 1.737.3 ± 1.715.6 ± 1.078.4 ± 1.351.2 ± 1.818.8 ± 1.415.6 ± 1.027.7 ± 1.59.9 ± 0.8
 African-American23.5 ± 1.321.3 ± 1.222.6 ± 1.849.6 ± 1.614.5 ± 1.165.3 ± 1.334.0 ± 1.530.2 ± 1.314.5 ± 1.129.3 ± 1.818.5 ± 1.3
 Mexican-American30.0 ± 1.940.2 ± 1.534.1 ± 2.239.8 ± 1.821.1 ± 1.486.7 ± 1.052.9 ± 1.820.2 ± 1.321.1 ± 1.437.8 ± 2.013.4 ± 1.6
 Other26.6 ± 7.529.1 ± 4.033.2 ± 5.234.3 ± 4.014.9 ± 3.472.6 ± 4.447.0 ± 4.516.1 ± 3.214.9 ± 3.430.1 ± 4.413.1 ± 2.9
Women
 White43.8 ± 1.424.8 ± 1.139.1 ± 1.927.8 ± 0.98.4 ± 0.653.4 ± 1.547.8 ± 2.117.1 ± 0.98.4 ± 0.620.3 ± 1.313.5 ± 0.8
 African-American62.3 ± 1.614.7 ± 1.033.9 ± 1.743.8 ± 1.315.7 ± 1.470.0 ± 1.239.7 ± 1.729.6 ± 1.315.7 ± 1.438.7 ± 2.317.1 ± 1.0
 Mexican-American63.2 ± 1.835.8 ± 1.546.6 ± 1.632.9 ± 1.218.9 ± 1.378.6 ± 1.160.3 ± 1.515.1 ± 1.118.9 ± 1.342.9 ± 1.718.5 ± 1.5
 Other40.4 ± 4.826.0 ± 4.439.8 ± 4.623.8 ± 2.314.4 ± 2.965.8 ± 5.148.5 ± 4.410.9 ± 2.314.4 ± 2.931.0 ± 4.816.1 ± 3.5
  • Data are % ± SE.