Table 2—

Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome using the ATP III and WHO criteria among 8,608 U.S. adults aged ≥20 years (NHANES III, 1988–1994)

Age-adjusted
Unadjusted
ATP IIIWHOAgreement*ATP III = yes, WHO = noWHO = yes, ATP III = no
Total23.9 ± 0.825.1 ± 0.986.2 ± 0.76.2 ± 0.37.6 ± 0.6
Men24.2 ± 1.227.9 ± 1.186.1 ± 0.85.2 ± 0.48.8 ± 0.7
Women23.5 ± 0.922.6 ± 1.186.3 ± 0.87.2 ± 0.46.5 ± 0.7
Race or ethnicity
 White24.0 ± 1.023.8 ± 1.086.5 ± 0.86.8 ± 0.46.7 ± 0.6
 African-American21.9 ± 0.928.0 ± 1.286.0 ± 1.03.8 ± 0.410.2 ± 0.8
 Mexican-American32.0 ± 1.438.1 ± 1.184.2 ± 0.74.3 ± 0.511.5 ± 0.7
 Other20.3 ± 3.426.5 ± 3.084.6 ± 2.94.7 ± 1.810.7 ± 2.5
Men
 White25.1 ± 1.527.6 ± 1.286.4 ± 1.05.6 ± 0.58.0 ± 0.9
 African-American16.5 ± 1.024.9 ± 1.388.0 ± 1.12.1 ± 0.49.9 ± 1.0
 Mexican-American28.0 ± 1.936.0 ± 1.684.5 ± 0.73.8 ± 0.611.7 ± 0.9
 Other20.8 ± 4.828.3 ± 3.682.4 ± 3.85.3 ± 2.312.3 ± 3.0
Women
 White22.7 ± 1.120.3 ± 1.286.7 ± 0.97.9 ± 0.65.4 ± 0.7
 African-American26.1 ± 1.330.5 ± 1.884.4 ± 1.35.2 ± 0.610.5 ± 1.2
 Mexican-American36.3 ± 1.540.5 ± 1.483.8 ± 1.34.9 ± 0.711.3 ± 1.2
 Other19.9 ± 3.124.8 ± 3.386.9 ± 3.14.1 ± 1.79.0 ± 2.8
  • Data are % ± SE except the difference.

  • *

    * Percent of participants who were classified as either having or not having the metabolic syndrome under both definitions of the metabolic syndrome.