Table 1—

Characteristics of patient respondents

Age (years)67 ± 10
Years with diabetes12 ± 10
Male sex98
Ethnicity
 White84
 Minority16
Years of education12 ± 3
Income
 $10,000 or less20
 $10,001 to $15,00026
 $15,001 to $25,00029
 $25,001 or more25
Hypoglycemic regimen
 Oral medications only59
 On insulin34
 No medications7
Health status
 Excellent or very good7
 Good33
 Fair43
 Poor17
Diabetes Comorbidity (TIBI) scale*41 ± 19
Percent with >80% of care at VA facility82
Percent with greater than two outpatient visits at VA in past year92
  • Data are means ± SD or %. n = 1,032.

  • *

    * TIBI, Total Illness Burden Index (scaled from 0 to 100, with higher scores meaning more diabetes comorbidities).