Table 1

Descriptive statistics (N = 540)

No.Mean ± SD/%
Demographics
 Race
  Hispanic41777.22
  Non-Hispanic black7213.33
  Other519.44
 Education
  Less than high school30556.48
  High school graduate or equivalent11621.48
  College or higher11421.11
 Employment
  Unemployed38871.85
  Employed15127.96
 Marital status
  Single25046.30
  Married28953.52
 Health status
  E/VG/G24445.19
  Fair/poor29654.81
Medical-home performance (range 1–4; 4 = best)
 First contact
  Utilization5403.81 ± 0.40
  Access5402.36 ± 0.44
 Longitudinality5403.35 ± 0.43
 Coordination
  Processes5402.79 ± 0.60
  Information systems5402.89 ± 0.63
 Comprehensiveness
  Services available5402.94 ± 0.37
  Services received5402.53 ± 0.77
 Family-centered care5402.91 ± 0.94
 Community orientation5402.10 ± 0.61
 Cultural competence5403.33 ± 0.80
 Total score5402.85 ± 0.29
Diabetes care
 Last HbA1c test
  <6 months45083.33
  ≥6 months9016.67
 Last eye exam
  <1 year31257.78
  ≥1 year22842.22
 Plan to manage care at home30656.67
 Had diabetes education outside25747.59
 Visited a dietitian25246.67
Diabetes education (no. and % saying yes)
 Insulin or diabetes pills40575.00
 Check blood glucose44682.59
 Time your meals37569.44
 What to eat42177.96
 Check and care for your feet35866.30
 Increase physical activity42478.52
 Make changes in medications28753.15
 Emotional demands24345.00
 Community resources23543.52
 Total score (mean)5405.91 ± 2.76
  Poor (0–4)16530.56
  Fair (5–7)16931.30
  Good (8–9)20638.15
  • For medical-home measures, all 88, 99, and missing values were coded as 2.5. For last HbA1c test, 31 observations of “don’t know” were coded as ≥6 months. For last eye exam, 14 observations of “don’t know” were coded as ≥1 year. For diabetes education, “don’t know” was coded as 0. Education score equals the number saying “yes” to the nine education items with minimum of 0 and maximum of 9. E/VG/G, excellent/very good/good.