Table 1—

Demographic characteristics of groups studied

Group 1 (diabetic)Group 2 (nondiabetic)PGroup 1S (spouses of diabetic)Group 2S (spouses of nondiabetic)P
n245234245234
Age (years)58.3 ± 6.757.5 ± 7.40.32857.1 ± 7.257.4 ± 8.20.62
Male137 ± 55.9129 ± 55.10.751108 ± 44.1105 ± 44.90.732
Ethnic origin
 White127 ± 51.8114 ± 48.70.845126 ± 51.4114 ± 48.70.856
 Black64 ± 26.163 ± 26.965 ± 26.563 ± 26.9
 Asian54 ± 22.157 ± 24.354 ± 22.157 ± 24.3
Previous GDM in women10 ± 9.36 ± 5.70.07810 ± 7.39 ± 6.80.712
  • Data are means ± SD or n (%). GDM, gestational diabetes mellitus.