Table 2—

Clinical characteristics of spouses of diabetic subjects and spouses of nondiabetic subjects

Group 1S (spouses of diabetic subjects)Group 2S (spouses of nondiabetic subjects)P
n245234
BMI (kg/m2)27.2 (23.5–36.8)25.5 (22.4–30.4)0.033
Fasting glucose (mmol/l)5.4 (3.8–7.6)4.6 (3.8–7.1)0.026
2-h glucose (mmol/l) median (range)7.5 (5.6–16.7)6.7 (4.5–11.4)0.047
Number with IFG12 (4.9)8 (3.4)0.57
Number with IGT16 (6.5)7 (3.0)0.02
Number with type 2 diabetes19 (7.8)7 (3.0)<0.001
Systolic BP (mmHg)144 (98–180)135 (95–180)0.077
Diastolic BP (mmHg)85 (65–110)80 (65–110)0.096
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)4.9 (3.2–7.2)4.7 (3.1–6.9)0.435
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)2.9 (1.6–5.2)2.7 (1.6–4.9)0.576
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.0 (0.6–1.5)1.1 (0.6–1.4)0.552
Fasting triglycerides (mmol/l)2.0 (1.2–6.8)1.6 (1.4–4.4)0.049
  • Data are median (range) or n (%).