Table 1—

Risk factor profile by categories of glucose tolerance in men

NGTIFGIGTCGI
BMI (kg/m2)26.0 ± 2.827.9 ± 3.928.0 ± 4.328.0 ± 3.3
Waist-to-hip ratio0.95 ± 0.050.97 ± 0.050.97 ± 0.070.98 ± 0.06
HbA1c (%)5.47 ± 0.415.73 ± 0.465.60 ± 0.345.86 ± 0.50
Triglycerides (mmol/l)*1.67 (1.07)2.24 (1.75)2.49 (1.59)2.86 (2.15)
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)5.7 ± 1.06.0 ± 1.25.6 ± 1.25.9 ± 1.1
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.28 ± 0.351.30 ± 0.281.20 ± 0.321.17 ± 0.30§
Free fatty acids (pmol/l)0.36 ± 0.160.37 ± 0.170.47 ± 0.18§0.52 ± 0.23§
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)133 ± 18138 ± 20138 ± 22140 ± 14
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)83 ± 1086 ± 1085 ± 987 ± 9
  • Data are means ± SD, unless otherwise noted.

  • *

    * Median (interquartile range) Kruskal-Wallis H test P < 0.0001;

  • ANOVA P < 0.05 vs. NGT;

  • ANOVA P < 0.001 vs. IGT;

  • §

    § ANOVA P < 0.05 vs. IFG.