Table 2—

Risk factor profile by categories of glucose tolerance in women

NGTIFGIGTCGI
BMI (kg/m2)25.9 ± 4.627.4 ± 4.427.8 ± 5.929.0 ± 4.6
Waist-to-hip ratio0.81 ± 0.090.84 ± 0.070.83 ± 0.060.87 ± 0.06
HbA1c (%)5.45 ± 0.415.65 ± 0.535.52 ± 0.485.79 ± 0.62
Triglycerides (mmol/l)*1.19 (0.56)1.43 (1.28)1.54 (0.77)1.73 (1.48)
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)5.8 ± 1.15.7 ± 1.06.0 ± 1.15.9 ± 1.0
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.71 ± 0.431.52 ± 0.3481.56 ± 0.391.49 ± 0.44
FFAs (pmol/l)0.45 ± 0.210.51 ± 0.230.60 ± 0.24§0.56 ± 0.19
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)132 ± 18136 ± 20136 ± 19137 ± 18
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)83 ± 1083 ± 1084 ± 984 ± 9
  • Data are means ± SD, unless otherwise noted.

  • *

    * Median (interquartile range), Kruskal-Wallis H test P < 0.0001;

  • ANOVA P < 0.05 vs. NGT;

  • ANOVA P < 0.001 vs. IGT;

  • §

    § ANOVA P < 0.05 vs. IFG.