Table 3—

Results of measures of glycemic control, psychosocial functioning, and satisfaction

In person vs. via telemedicinenBaselineImmediately after education*3 months after education
HbA1c, #, ††, ‡‡ (%)
 In person188.6 ± 1.67.8 ± 1.37.6 ± 1.3
 Via telemedicine198.7 ± 2.17.8 ± 1.67.8 ± 2.2
 Total378.6 ± 1.87.8 ± 1.57.8 ± 1.8
LDL cholesterol§, **, ††, ‡‡ (mmol/l)
 In person192.93 ± 0.742.79 ± 0.682.67 ± 0.97
 Via telemedicine152.84 ± 0.982.47 ± 0.862.55 ± 0.97
 Total342.89 ± 0.842.65 ± 0.772.62 ± 0.96
PAID scale§, , **, ††, ‡‡
 In person1735.8 ± 23.433.6 ± 17.029.4 ± 17.8
 Via telemedicine1437.4 ± 25.828.1 ± 22.027.4 ± 17.9
 Total3136.6 ± 24.131.1 ± 19.228.6 ± 17.6
ADS scale§,**, ††, ‡‡
 In person1920.1 ± 4.719.3 ± 2.718.6 ± 4.2
 Via telemedicine1520.1 ± 4.117.1 ± 3.718.6 ± 3.5
 Total3420.1 ± 4.418.3 ± 3.318.6 ± 3.9
Treatment satisfaction,**, ††, ‡‡
 In person1623.8 ± 7.930.7 ± 3.829.1 ± 5.3
 Via telemedicine1222.8 ± 8.630.9 ± 4.231.3 ± 4.2
 Total2823.4 ± 8.130.8 ± 3.930.0 ± 5.1
DQOL scale, **, ††, ‡‡
 In person1961.2 ± 15.069.6 ± 11.868.4 ± 13.5
 Via telemedicine1663.4 ± 13.071.4 ± 12.269.1 ± 11.0
 Total3562.2 ± 13.970.4 ± 11.868.7 ± 12.3
  • Data are means ± SD. All post-measures for all subjects were not available.

  • *

    * Obtained immediately after visit;

  • obtained 3 months after third educational visit. Baseline vs. post-education unadjusted for age and BMI:

  • P < 0.01,

  • §

    § P < 0.05,

  • NS. Baseline vs. post-education adjusted for age and BMI:

  • P < 0.05,

  • #

    # P < 0.1,

  • **

    ** NS. In person vs. via telemedicine:

  • ††

    †† NS. Time × condition:

  • ‡‡

    ‡‡ NS.