Table 2—

RR of type 2 diabetes according to quintiles of sugar intake in the whole cohort of the WHS

Quintiles of sugar intake
P for trend
1 (lowest)2345 (highest)
Total sugar
 Case subjects215190183167163
 Person-years44,41444,58044,46444,60744,457
 Model 11.00.87 (0.72–0.84)0.84 (0.68–1.02)0.75 (0.61–0.92)0.73 (0.59–0.89)0.0007
 Model 21.00.94 (0.77–1.15)0.88 (0.72–1.08)0.92 (0.74–1.14)0.86 (0.69–1.06)0.17
Sucrose
 Case subjects196194175188165
 Person-years44,36244,29844,54944,56744,746
 Model 11.00.99 (0.81–1.21)0.89 (0.72–1.09)0.95 (0.77–1.16)0.82 (0.66–1.01)0.06
 Model 21.01.00 (0.81–1.23)0.98 (0.79–1.22)1.00 (0.81–1.24)0.84 (0.67–1.04)0.16
Fructose
 Case subjects208189175177169
 Person-years44,56444,51544,47944,58744,379
 Model 11.00.90 (0.74–1.1)0.83 (0.68–1.02)0.83 (0.68–1.02)0.79 (0.65–0.97)0.02
 Model 21.00.99 (0.81–1.22)1.04 (0.85–1.29)1.03 (0.83–1.27)0.96 (0.78–1.19)0.86
Glucose
 Case subjects203192178168177
 Person-years44,69344,42644,47044,62644,308
 Model 11.00.95 (0.78–1.16)0.87 (0.71–1.06)0.81 (0.66–0.99)0.85 (0.70–1.05)0.04
 Model 21.01.08 (0.88–1.33)1.02 (0.82–1.26)0.96 (0.77–1.19)1.04 (0.85–1.28)0.91
Lactose
 Case subjects198205186157172
 Person-years44,67144,45844,54544,52844,321
 Model 11.01.05 (0.86–1.27)0.94 (0.77–1.15)0.79 (0.64–0.97)0.86 (0.70–1.06)0.02
 Model 21.01.08 (0.88–1.32)1.03 (0.83–1.26)0.86 (0.69–1.07)0.99 (0.8–1.22)0.33
Starch
 Case subjects199179200185155
 Person-years44,47744,65544,58044,51744,292
 Model 11.00.91 (0.76–1.11)1.03 (0.85–1.26)0.96 (0.49–1.18)0.83 (0.67–1.02)0.19
 Model 21.00.95 (0.77–1.17)1.05 (0.85–1.28)1.06 (0.86–1.30)0.88 (0.71–1.09)0.61
  • Data are RR and RR (95% CI). All covariate values are according to the quintiles of sucrose intake.