Table 3—

RR of type 2 diabetes according to quintiles of sugar intake in a subcohort of women (n = 22,243) without history of hypertension and high cholesterol levels at baseline

Quintiles of sugar intake
P for trend
1 (lowest)2345 (highest)
Total sugar
 Case subjects7051644541
 Person-years26,13326,29326,14826,27026,182
 Model 11.00.75 (0.52–1.07)0.95 (0.67–1.33)0.66 (0.45–0.96)0.59 (0.40–0.88)0.009
 Model 21.00.86 (0.59–1.24)1.10 (0.77–1.57)0.85 (0.57–1.25)0.77 (0.52–1.15)0.26
Sucrose
 Case subjects6852555541
 Person-years26,04526,16926,20426,22526,382
 Model 11.00.83 (0.58–1.19)0.84 (0.58–1.19)0.78 (0.55–1.13)0.60 (0.41–0.88)0.03
 Model 21.00.84 (0.58–1.21)0.85 (0.59–1.22)0.73 (0.50–1.05)0.59 (0.39–0.88)0.05
Fructose
 Case subjects5556664450
 Person-years26,26226,25126,18626,14426,182
 Model 11.00.85 (0.57–1.26)1.27 (0.89–1.83)1.07 (0.74–1.56)0.95 (0.64–1.40)0.47
 Model 21.01.16 (0.77–1.74)1.61 (1.11–2.33)1.17 (0.79–1.71)1.24 (0.84–1.85)0.30
Glucose
 Case subjects6054614848
 Person-years26,29626,16626,27026,22426,069
 Model 11.00.84 (0.57–1.23)1.06 (0.74–1.52)0.95 (0.65–1.37)0.83 (0.57–1.22)0.27
 Model 21.01.05 (0.71–1.55)1.30 (0.89–1.87)1.02 (0.70–1.49)1.12 (0.76–1.65)0.55
Lactose
 Case subjects6358624246
 Person-years26,29126,21126,24426,21226,068
 Model 11.00.69 (0.47–1.03)1.03 (0.72–1.45)0.94 (0.66–1.35)0.76 (0.52–1.12)0.06
 Model 21.00.77 (0.51–1.14)1.17 (0.81–1.68)1.03 (0.72–1.49)0.93 (0.62–1.38)0.34
Starch
 Case subjects5558626135
 Person-years26,21826,28226,25226,20426,070
 Model 11.01.11 (0.77–1.60)1.21 (0.84–1.74)1.20 (0.83–1.74)0.72 (0.47–1.10)0.34
 Model 21.01.17 (0.81–1.71)1.31 (0.90–1.90)1.26 (0.87–1.83)0.78 (0.50–1.21)0.59
  • Data are RR or RR (95% CI). All covariate values are according to the quintiles of sucrose intake. All the means of nutrients are energy-adjusted. Model 1: age and smoking adjusted. Model 2: age, smoking, BMI, vigorous exercise, alcohol use, postmenopausal hormone use, multivitamin use, history of hypertension, high cholesterol, and family history of diabetes.