Table 1—

Subject characteristics

NGTIGTP
n48566
Sex (M/F)188/23724/420.71
Age (years)35.4 ± 0.544.1 ± 1.8<0.0001
BMI (kg/m2)26.1 ± 0.329.5 ± 0.9<0.0001
WHR0.85 ± 0.0040.89 ± 0.010.0006
Family history of diabetes (non-first degree/first degree)263/20226/370.02
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l)4.90 ± 0.025.59 ± 0.10<0.0001
Fasting plasma insulin (pmol/l)51 ± 280 ± 7<0.0001
HbA1c (%)5.13 ± 0.025.36 ± 0.06<0.0001
  • Data are means ± SEM unless otherwise indicated.