Table 1—

Main demographic and clinical characteristics of the cohort at baseline

MenWomen
Case subjects3,366 (47.1%)3,782 (52.9%)
Age (years)63.7 ± 11.069.2 ± 10.7
Time since diagnosis (years)9.6 ± 7.010.4 ± 7.4
Treatment
 Diet454 (13.6%)406 (10.8%)
 Oral hypoglycemic agents2,721 (81.3%)3,100 (82.2%)
 Insulin173 (5.2%)264 (7.0%)
Smokers*36.5%7.0%
BMI27.1 ± 3.727.7 ± 4.9
 Overweight (BMI 25–29.9 kg/m2)51.9%41.3%
 Obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2)20.2%28.2%
  • Continuous variables are reported as mean ± SD, categorical variables are absolute frequency (% frequency).

  • *

    * Information on smoking habits was available 4,047 subjects identified by the Diabetes Center;

  • information on BMI was available for 6,012 subjects identified by family physicians and by the Diabetes Center.