Table 3—

Insulin treatment and perinatal outcome in women with GDM delivering in the periods of endocrinologist-based and diabetes nurse-based management

Endocrinologist-based managementDiabetes nurse-based managementP
Insulin treatment33.742.0NS
Hypertension6.46.4NS
Preterm delivery9.210.8NS
Cesarean delivery28.830.0NS
Apgar <7 (1 min)6.04.1NS
Macrosomia3.24.7NS
Small for gestational age6.89.6NS
Large for gestational age6.47.5NS
Obstetric trauma1.63.1NS
Major malformation3.65.2NS
Hypoglycemia1.61.4NS
Hypocalcemia01.0NS
Polycythemia3.22.4NS
Jaundice3.65.2NS
Respiratory distress3.62.8NS
Mortality0.82.0NS
  • Data are %. The diabetes nurse role in this report would be similar to that of an advanced practice nurse in the U.S.