Table 1—

Baseline characteristics of 54 hypertensive type 1 diabetic patients with diabetic nephropathy and homozygosity for the I (n = 26) or D (n = 28) allele of the ACE/ID polymorphism

ACE genotype
IIDD
Sex (men/women)16/1017/11
Age (years)44 ± 1045 ± 8
Duration of diabetes (years)34 ± 833 ± 10
Duration of nephropathy (years)12 ± 712 ± 6
Retinopathy (simplex/proliferative) (%)12/8825/75
Albuminuria (mg/24 h)1,134 (598–2,023)1,451 (893–1,766)
24-h systolic blood pressure (mmHg)156 ± 17153 ± 17
24-h diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)82 ± 980 ± 11
GFR (ml · min−1 · 1.73 m−2)86 ± 2288 ± 24
  • Data are means ± SD or median (interquartile range).