Table 1—

Body composition, body fat distribution, and risk factors in African-American and Caucasian women

CaucasianAfrican American
n18350
Body composition
 Weight (kg)84 ± 13 (52–118)94 ± 14 (69–130)
 Height (cm)163 ± 6 (143–178)164 ± 6 (151–181)
 BMI (kg/m2)31 ± 6 (20–43)35 ± 4 (27–43)
 Percent body fat46 ± 8 (21–59)46 ± 9 (28–55)
 Fat mass (kg)39 ± 9 (11–69)44 ± 9 (30–64)
 Lean mass (kg)41 ± 7 (32–54)44 ± 9 (35–63)
 VAT (cm2)158 ± 58 (26–386)138 ± 47 (71–274)
 SAT (cm2)439 ± 117 (87–801)523 ± 117 (275–800)
 Waist (cm)94 ± 11 (63–134)99 ± 10 (77–117)
Medication use
 HRT17%10%
 NSAID9%8%
 Antihypertensives5%11%
Risk factors
 Total cholesterol (mmol/l)5.15 ± 1.13 (1.71–7.91)4.85 ± 0.85 (2.43–7.06)
 LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)3.38 ± 0.82 (1.27–6.05)3.08 ± 0.66 (1.81–4.45)
 HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.32 ± 0.34 (0.72–2.33)1.33 ± 0.30 (0.75–2.09)
 HDL2 cholesterol (mmol/l)0.18 (0.05–0.27)0.19* (0.06–0.26)
 LDL/HDL cholesterol2.72 ± 0.92 (0.61–6.32)2.44 ± 0.73 (1.03–3.92)
 Triglyceride (mmol/l)1.47 (0.44–4.06)1.13* (0.58–2.74)
 Fasting insulin (pmol/l)62 ± 33 (14–186)100 ± 38 (44–208)
 Fasting glucose (mmol/l)5.27* (4.39–7.36)5.38* (4.11–6.94)
 2-h glucose (mmol/l)6.77* (3.08–16.49)7.11* (4.60–13.49)
 Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)128 ± 20 (90–203)132 ± 16 (102–168)
 Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)78 ± 8 (59–109)82 ± 11 (50–100)
  • Data are mean ± SD (range) or median (range), unless otherwise specified. NSAID, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug; SAT, subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue.