Table 3—

Relative risks (95% CI) for risk factors by level of VAT

HDL cholesterol <1.0 mmol/l (40 mg/dl)Triglyceride >1.7 mmol/l (150 mg/dl)LDL/HDL cholesterol ratio >3.02-h glucose >7.8 mmol/l (140 mg/dl)
n117807872
VAT
 ≤105 cm21.01.01.01.0
 106–139 cm22.5 (1.1–6.0)*1.7 (0.6–4.5)2.5 (0.9–6.9)2.1 (0.8–6.2)
 140–162 cm22.3 (1.0–5.9)*1.7 (0.6–4.5)1.8 (0.6–5.1)2.0 (0.7–5.8)
 163–192 cm25.5 (2.2–13.7)1.7 (0.6–4.5)4.2 (1.5–11.4)4.2 (1.5–12.2)
 ≥193 cm25.5 (2.1–14.0)3.3 (1.2–8.6)*3.6 (1.3–10.1)*9.5 (3.2–27.9)
Waist circumference
 <88 cm1.01.01.01.0
 89–95 cm2.3 (1.1–4.9)*0.6 (0.2–2.5)2.0 (1.0–4.3)*1.7 (0.4–6.6)
 ≥96 cm2.1 (1.1–3.9)*1.4 (0.9–3.1)0.7 (0.6–1.3)3.2 (1.5–5.3)*
  • VAT groups are determined by the quintile distribution of the sample (n = 46–47 per group). Waist circumference groups are those corresponding to a VAT level of 106 cm2 (89 cm) and 163 cm2 (96 cm) (n = 63, 52, and 111, respectively).

  • *

    * P < 0.05;

  • P < 0.01 (analyses adjusted for age and race).