Table 3—

Clinical characteristics of patients with and without insulin therapy

VariablesPatients
P
With insulin therapyWithout insulin therapy
n4144
Age (years)60.4 ± 10.961.7 ± 11.30.5773
M/F23/1828/160.4784
BMI (kg/m2)23.1 ± 3.223.5 ± 3.50.5754
Mean blood pressure (mmHg)108 ± 15102 ± 140.0809
Blood urea nitrogen (mg/dl)34.5 ± 9.536.5 ± 12.30.3909
s-Cr (mg/dl)2.1 ± 0.52.4 ± 0.70.0440
Serum albumin (g/dl)3.1 ± 0.73.1 ± 0.50.7251
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)251 ± 79219 ± 740.0591
Triglycerides (mg/dl)219 ± 221166 ± 820.1462
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dl)161 ± 67144 ± 630.2539
HbA1c (%)8.2 ± 2.07.3 ± 1.70.0302
Hemoglobin (g/dl)10.9 ± 1.910.7 ± 2.00.5612
Antihypertensives therapy (yes/no)33/839/50.1885
Duration of follow-up (months)17.6 ± 12.911.2 ± 7.30.0054
  • Values are means ± SD. P values are by Student’s unpaired t test and χ2 test.