Table 3—

Exercise modality, body composition, and glucose homeostasis

VariableAerobic exerciseResistance exercise
Body weightSmall or no changeSmall or no change
Total fat massSmall changeSmall change
Visceral fatModerate decreaseModerate decrease
Bone densitySmall increaseSmall increase
Muscle massNo changeIncreased (not CWT)
HbA1cModerate decreaseModerate decrease
Insulin sensitivityModerate increaseModerate increase
Basal insulin levelsSmall decreaseSmall decrease
Insulin response to glucose challengeModerate decreaseModerate decrease