Table 1—

Baseline characteristics of trial participants

Intervention group n = 47Control group n = 44
Age (years)64 ± 1065 ± 11
Women (n)2526
Ethnicity: Caucasian (%)100100
Type 1 diabetes (n)33
Duration of diabetes (years)18 ± 1114 ± 10
BMI (kg/m2)28.4 ± 4.528.6 ± 4.3
HbA1c (%)8.5 ± 1.68.4 ± 1.6
RR systolic/diastolic (mmHg)147/80144/80
Insulin therapy (n)3829
Retinopathy (n)2825
Nephropathy (n)2119
Peripheral vascular disease (n)2220
Therapeutic shoes (n)2826
Amputation: minor* (n)1213
Amputation: major (n)23
  • Data are means ± SD or n.

  • *

    * Below ankle;

  • above ankle.