Table 2—

Anthropometric, hemodynamic, and metabolic parameters of groups of patients with matched BMI or VFA

Matched BMI
Matched VFA
Less centralized (n = 38)More centralized (n = 38)Less generalized (n = 38)More generalized (n = 38)
Age (years)45.1 ± 10.750.7 ± 6.3*48.0 ± 9.647.8 ± 8.9
BMI (kg/m2)38.4 ± 5.939.1 ± 4.936.8 ± 4.040.7 ± 5.9*
Waist circumference (cm)105.5 ± 13.5114.9 ± 11.3*107.0 ± 12.0113.6 ± 13.8*
WHR0.90 ± 0.090.99 ± 0.07*0.95 ± 0.090.95 ± 0.10
Fat mass (%)42.5 ± 5.444.0 ± 4.441.7 ± 4.844.8 ± 4.7*
Visceral fat by CT (cm2)101.0 ± 34.2182.9 ± 47.0*143.3 ± 60.5140.6 ± 56.1
Subcutaneous fat by CT (cm2)374.0 ± 124.7383.3 ± 128.7332.3 ± 110.8424.9 ± 124.3*
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)147.0 ± 21.2152.5 ± 19.5151.4 ± 23.4148.0 ± 17.0
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)93.6 ± 10.696.0 ± 10.093.9 ± 10.895.7 ± 9.9
Heart rate (bpm)79.0 ± 6.477.7 ± 8.078.3 ± 7.778.4 ± 6.8
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l)5.2 ± 0.75.4 ± 0.65.2 ± 0.55.4 ± 0.7
2-h plasma glucose (mmol/l)6.8 ± 2.27.8 ± 2.4*7.2 ± 2.47.3 ± 2.3
Glucose area under curve (mg · h−1 · dl−1)557.8 ± 129.3621.1 ± 126.6*583.1 ± 118.3595.8 ± 144.0
Fasting insulin (pmol/l)113.7 ± 64.3132.1 ± 65.9120.3 ± 57.4125.6 ± 73.2
2-h insulin (pmol/l)578.7 ± 346.7804.2 ± 599.1*757.8 ± 609.6620.3 ± 341.8
HOMA index3.7 ± 2.44.4 ± 2.23.9 ± 2.04.2 ± 2.6
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)5.3 ± 1.05.3 ± 1.05.3 ± 1.05.3 ± 1.0
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.1 ± 0.31.0 ± 0.2*1.0 ± 0.31.1 ± 0.3
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)3.4 ± 0.93.5 ± 0.93.5 ± 0.93.4 ± 0.9
Apolipoprotein B (g/l)1.22 ± 0.271.36 ± 0.291.30 ± 0.281.31 ± 0.30
Triglyceride (mmol/l)1.4 ± 0.62.0 ± 0.8*1.7 ± 0.81.7 ± 0.7
Uric acid (mmol/l)0.29 ± 0.060.33 ± 0.07*0.30 ± 0.500.31 ± 0.11
Leptin (ng/ml)26.3 ± 19.326.3 ± 13.320.9 ± 13.031.3 ± 14.0*
  • Data are means ± SD.

  • *

    * P < 0.05 vs. group less centralized or generalized;

  • P = 0.07 vs. group less centralized or generalized.