Table 3—

Anthropometric and hormonal characteristics according to the presence of MS

Without MS (n = 32)With MS (n = 44)
Age (years)47.2 ± 10.648.4 ± 8.1
BMI (kg/m2)36.9 ± 5.040.1 ± 5.4*
Waist circumference (cm)103.4 ± 13.5115.1 ± 10.8*
WHR0.91 ± 0.090.97 ± 0.09*
Fat mass (%)42.6 ± 5.143.7 ± 4.9
Fasting insulin (pmol/l)88.3 ± 32.3147.9 ± 71.8*
2-h insulin (pmol/l)450.2 ± 251.7868.1 ± 558.6*
HOMA index2.8 ± 1.05.0 ± 2.5*
Leptin (ng/ml)25.0 ± 19.627.2 ± 13.8
Subcutaneous fat by CT (cm2)357.2 ± 136.6394.2 ± 116.7
Visceral fat by CT (cm2)119.7 ± 56.0158.1 ± 54.5*
  • Data are means ± SD.

  • *

    * P < 0.01 vs. without MS. MS was defined by presence of abdominal obesity and at least two of the following components: hypertension, dyslipidemia, and glucose intolerance and/or hyperinsulinemia.