Table 1—

Summary of published studies of children with type 1 diabetes screened for celiac disease with endomysial or tissue transglutaminase antibodies

SourcePositive screenPositive biopsySymptomsDiet improved
Denmark (56)10/104 (9.6%)9/96/95/6 (4 refused)
British Columbia (57)18/232 (7.7%)14/1810/18NI
Wisconsin (58)17/218 (7.8%)10/143/102/3
Germany (59)13/205 (6.3%)7/83/8NI
Italy (49)27/273 (9.9%)16/202/162/2
New York (60)10/211 (4.7%)3/3NINI
North Carolina/ Maryland (61)3/81 (3.7%)1/30/3NI
Total98/1324 (7.4%)60/75 (80%)24/64 (37.5%)9/11 (81.8%)
  • NI, no information given.