Table 1—

Characteristics of the diabetic population in the Health ABC study

Women (n = 218)
Men (n = 250)
BlackWhiteBlackWhite
n154 (21.1%)64 (7.5%)120 (21.7%)130 (13.8%)
Demographics
  Age (years)73.4 ± 2.973.3 ± 373.7 ± 2.773.9 ± 2.8NS
Disease severity
  Age at diagnosis (years)60.2 ± 11.658.9 ± 13.659.6 ± 10.560.4 ± 13NS
  Treatment
    No medication10.4%31.3%14.2%23.1%
    On insulin31.8%18.8%29.2%16.2%*
    On oral hypoglycemics59.7%53.1%60%62.3%NS
  Fasting glucose (mg/dl)157.3 ± 65.8140.7 ± 43156 ± 63.9155.5 ± 51.7NS
  HbA1c (%)8.3 ± 1.87.3 ± 1.28.5 ± 1.67.5 ± 1.2*
  HbA1c ≥7%77.9%65.6%80.8%66.2%*
Health status
  Cardiovascular disease32.5%35.9%33.3%40%NS
  Systolic BP (mmHg)139.2 ± 22.2135.1 ± 15.1140.4 ± 22.7135.8 ± 19.8NS
  Diastolic BP (mmHg)68.5 ± 11.566.4 ± 10.273.4 ± 12.168.6 ± 11.3*§
  Ankle arm index0.97 ± 0.21.06 ± 0.20.98 ± 0.21.08 ± 0.2*
  Urinary incontinence symptoms40.5%65%25.8%37.2%§
  Mini-mental score (Teng)84.7 ± 1093 ± 5.984.7 ± 9.691.2 ± 6.9*
  BMI (kg/m2)31.1 ± 5.428.6 ± 5.728.6 ± 4.227.9 ± 3.8§
  Cholesterol (mg/dl)210.9 ± 41.1211 ± 43.5185.1 ± 35.4183.7 ± 36.1§
  HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)57.7 ± 18.450.16 ± 12.547.9 ± 13.641.15 ± 12.5*§
  Triglycerides (mg/dl)132.7 ± 59.6205.2 ± 120.5121.4 ± 66.3181.8 ± 121.6*
  Physical performance score1.71 ± 0.62.0 ± 0.51.99 ± 0.62.27 ± 0.5*§
  • Data are means ± SD unless otherwise indicated.

  • *

    * P < 0.05, comparison between race in men;

  • P < 0.05, comparison between race in women;

  • P < 0.05, comparison between sex in whites;

  • §

    § P <0.05, comparison between sex in blacks. NS, not significant at P < 0.05. BP, blood pressure.