Table 2—

SES, access, and quality of care indicators and other health status variables among the diabetic population

Women (N = 218)
Men (N = 250)
BlackWhiteBlackWhite
n154 (21.1%)64 (7.5%)120 (21.7%)130 (13.8%)
SES
  Education
    <12 years50.3%7.8%49.6%17.7%
    ≥12 years49.7%92.2%50.4%82.3%*
  Family income
    ≤$25,00086.2%45.0%69.3%37.1%
    >$25,00013.9%55.0%30.7%62.9%*§
Access and quality of care
  No prescription coverage20.7%0.0%19.8%6.3%
  No prescription coverage but supplemental health insurance14.7%23.4%16.4%28.1%
  Prescription coverage with either medicaid or supplemental health insurance64.7%76.6%63.8%65.6%*
  Usual place of care is private doctor’s office or HMO77.3%96.8%65.8%93.9%*§
  Had flu shot in the past 12 months62.1%84.1%73.3%81.4%§
  Systolic BP <140 (mmHg)55.8%64.1%51.7%63.1%NS
  Diastolic BP <90 (mmHg)96.8%100%88.3%96.9%*§
  LDL cholesterol <130 (mg/dl)57.8%57.8%68.3%79.2%
Social, psychological, and behavioral
  Social support from relatives4.1 ± 3.35.1 ± 5.14.1 ± 4.64.2 ± 4.9NS
  Social support from friends2.6 ± 2.65.1 ± 6.13.3 ± 9.54.6 ± 6.1
  Fair or poor self-rated health37.3%15.6%36.7%10.9%*
  Walking for exercise in previous 12 months47.4%56.3%46.7%68.5%*
  Current smokers11.06.321.76.9*§
  • Data are n (%), means ± SD, and %.

  • *

    * P < 0.05, comparison between race in men;

  • P < 0.05, comparison between race in women;

  • P < 0.05, comparison between sex in whites;

  • §

    § P < 0.05, comparison between sex in blacks. NS, nonsignificant. BP, blood pressure.