Table 1—

Sample characteristics

ITUC
Youth’s age (months)134.3 ± 32.6138.1 ± 31.8
Duration of diabetes (months)57.0 ± 34.350.7 ± 31.9
Hollingshead socioeconomic index43.1 ± 11.943.6 ± 12.7
HbA1c (%)8.3 ± 1.18.3 ± 1.1
Sex* (%)
 Male6547
 Female3553
Race/ethnicity (%)
 Caucasian8986
 African American1011
 Hispanic01
 Other11
Family composition (%)
 Both biological parents7271
 One biological and one stepparent114
 One biological parent only1524
 Other21
  • Data are means ± SD, unless otherwise noted.

  • *

    * The IT group included significantly more male than female subjects (P < 0.05). No other differences between the groups were statistically significant.