Table 1—

Unadjusted correlates of dysglycemia by sex

NGTIFG/IGTDiabetesPDiabetes vs. NGTDiabetes vs. IFG/IGTIFG/IGT vs. NGT
Men
  n (%)97 (47)62 (30)47 (23)
  Lived in rural area until age 18 years (%)2121180.890.630.690.96
  Age at immigration to U.S. (years)24 ± 1027 ± 1034 ± 11<0.0001<0.00010.00230.10
  Length of stay in U.S. (years)11 ± 911 ± 910 ± 90.790.540.530.92
  Employed (%)8578640.0160.00390.120.23
  Less than high school education (%)3430320.900.880.830.65
  Attended Arabic school (%)9385880.240.390.600.094
  Attended U.S. school (%)3739340.870.740.610.78
  Initial age attended (years)19 ± 1121 ± 1326 ± 60.110.0360.160.47
  Read Arabic (%)9694920.600.320.700.54
  Read Arabic without difficulty (%)9196960.360.300.930.25
  Speak Arabic at home (%)8995990.0990.0580.300.21
  Speak Arabic with friends (%)7691950.00530.00970.410.020
  Identify self as Arab (%)9290950.680.550.380.66
  Very or somewhat active in Arab organizations (%)3523160.0500.0270.390.12
  Meals with Arabic foods (%)82 ± 2496 ± 0892 ± 14<0.00010.00420.41<0.0001
  Physically active (%)4739360.370.230.780.30
  Acculturation scores
    Integration to U.S.1.5 ± 0.51.4 ± 0.31.3 ± 0.20.00770.00540.430.027
    Adherence to tradition3.3 ± 0.63.3 ± 0.53.4 ± 0.60.650.410.390.87
  Current smoker (%)3828250.200.120.690.20
  Current/ever smoker (%)8170650.370.220.780.29
Women
  n (%)200 (64)56 (18)58 (18)
  Lived in rural area until age 18 years (%)926200.00180.0350.480.0007
  Age at immigration to U.S. (years)26 ± 1228 ± 1440 ± 14<0.0001<0.0001<0.00010.38
  Length of stay in U.S. (years)9 ± 914 ± 1115 ± 10<0.00010.00050.760.0010
  Employed (%)201440.0370.0130.100.34
  Less than high school education (%)427082<0.0001<0.00010.170.0004
  Attended Arabic school (%)7968540.00180.00060.180.088
  Attended U.S. school (%)3523120.00570.00300.150.11
  Initial age attended (years)19 ± 1118 ± 1021 ± 110.920.760.680.80
  Read Arabic (%)8571600.00030.00010.290.014
  Read Arabic without difficulty (%)8879660.00500.00130.190.16
  Speak Arabic at home (%)92921000.170.0630.0610.95
  Speak Arabic with friends (%)90921000.100.0330.0610.67
  Identify self as Arab (%)9290780.0360.0100.140.63
  Very or somewhat active in Arab organizations (%)2613130.0400.0810.920.043
  Meals with Arabic foods (%)92 ± 1794 ± 1394 ± 130.430.340.980.29
  Physically active (%)1920180.970.890.810.86
  Acculturation mean scores
    Integration to U.S.1.5 ± 0.51.5 ± 0.51.3 ± 0.20.0740.0340.0400.65
    Adherence to tradition3.3 ± 0.63.4 ± 0.63.4 ± 0.50.850.580.800.79
  Current smoker (%)2016260.480.350.240.56
  Current/ever smoker (%)8474790.740.700.770.46
  • Data are means ± SD unless otherwise indicated.