Table 3—

ORs (95% CI) of the metabolic syndrome according to the ponderal index or body weight at birth with the metabolic syndrome in 462 middle-aged men

CategoriesModel 1*Model 2Model 3Model 4§
Ponderal index
 >27.72 kg/m31111
 26.31–27.72 kg/m31.60 (0.84–3.02)1.25 (0.66–2.36)1.62 (0.85–3.07)1.82 (0.90–3.70)
 <26.31 kg/m32.19 (1.20–4.02)2.21 (1.20–4.05)2.25 (1.23–4.14)2.57 (1.30–5.11)
 Trend (P)0.0400.0390.0330.026
Birthweight
 >3,780 g1111
 3,400–3,780 g1.26 (0.67–2.37)1.25 (0.66–2.36)1.24 (0.66–2.34)1.50 (0.74–3.05)
 <3,400 g1.98 (1.09–3.60)2.02 (1.11–3.66)2.02 (1.11–3.68)2.70 (1.37–5.34)
 Trend (P)0.0630.0550.0330.014
  • Data are means (95% CI).

  • *

    * Model 1: adjusted for age;

  • model 2: adjusted for age and childhood socioeconomic status;

  • model 3: adjusted for age and adult socioeconomic status;

  • §

    § model 4: adjusted for age and adult BMI.