Table 2—

Neonatal characteristics in the untreated IGT group, control subjects, and the women with treated GDM/diabetes

Control group (n = 810)Untreated IGT (n = 211)P*GDM/DM (n = 116)
Gestational age (weeks)39.2 ± 1.938.6 ± 1.8<0.00138.3 ± 1.9
Prematurity <37 weeks (%)5.411.40.00513.9
Birth weight (g)3,516 ± 5713,799 ± 657<0.0013,733 ± 681
Macrosomic
 ≥4,000 g (%)16.433.0<0.00130.4
 ≥4,500 g (%)3.312.4<0.00110.4
 ≥5,000 g (%)0.24.3<0.0014.3
LGA (%)4.224.9<0.00125.2
SGA (%)2.20.5NS0.9
  • Data are rates or means ± SD.

  • *

    * For control vs. IGT subjects by χ2 or Mann-Whitney U tests. SGA, small for gestational age.