Table 3—

Phenotype and cardiovascular risk profile according to glucose tolerance among women

NGTIFGIGTSDMKDM
n2,5261403829867
Age (years)45.1 (44.8–45.4)49.8 (48.9–50.8)47.5 (46.7–48.3)49.2 (47.6–50.8)49.0 (46.9–51.1)
BMI (kg/m2)25.2 (25.0–25.4)28.4 (27.6–29.2)28.0 (27.5–28.5)30.5 (29.5–31.4)31.0 (29.8–32.1)
Waist (cm)79.0 (78.5–79.5)87.6 (85.7–89.4)86.0 (84.8–87.1)93.6 (91.4–95.9)96.3 (93.6–99.1)
HbA1c (%)5.78 (5.76–5.81)6.00 (5.92–6.09)5.87 (5.82–5.92)6.43 (6.33–6.53)7.96 (7.84–8.08)
sBP (mmHg)128.2 (125.5–128.9)134.6 (132.0–137.2)136.7 (135.1–138.3)142.5 (139.4–145.7)137.4 (133.6–141.2)
dBP (mmHg)80.8 (80.3–81.3)85.1 (83.4–86.8)85.3 (84.3–86.4)88.8 (86.7–90.8)83.8 (81.3–86.2)
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)5.58 (5.54–5.62)5.97 (5.81–6.12)5.76 (5.66–5.86)6.07 (5.88–6.27)5.95 (5.71–6.19)
Family history of diabetes (%)16.1 (14.7–17.6)22.9 (16.2–30.7)26.7 (23.3–31.4)32.7 (23.5–42.9)37.3 (25.8–50.0)
Daily smoker (%)34.9 (33.0–36.8)38.1 (30.0–46.7)33.9 (29.1–38.9)32.3 (23.1–42.6)36.9 (25.3–49.8)
Physical activity at leisure
 Sedentary (%)19.0 (17.9–21.7)22.3 (18.3–30.0)26.5 (23.4–32.0)31.5 (23.4–42.4)50.8 (37.6–63.8)
 Moderate (%)67.3 (64.8–68.4)66.2 (61.4–67.9)64.1 (60.1–65.9)61.0 (52.5–65.6)45.7 (33.8–56.3)
 Active (%)13.7 (12.1–15.2)11.4 (8.1–14.6)9.3 (7.4–11.6)7.5 (5.0–11.4)3.5 (2.1–6.3)
  • Data are age-standardized means or % (age = 50 years); 95% CIs are given in parentheses.