Table 1—

Epidemiology of heart failure in diabetic patients

• HF is two times as common in diabetic men and five times as common in diabetic women as in age-matched nondiabetic subjects.
• About 12% of type 2 diabetic subjects have established HF.
• About 3.3% of type 2 diabetic subjects develop HF each year.
• Elderly diabetic subjects have a 1.3-fold greater risk of developing HF than nondiabetic subjects.
• Prevalence of HF in elderly diabetic subjects is 39%.
• 1% rise in HbA1c is associated with a 15% increased risk of HF in elderly diabetic patients.
• Diabetic patients account for 25% of all patients enrolled in large HF trials.