Table 1—

Characteristics of study patients

NormoalbuminuriaMicroalbuminuriaMacroalbuminuria no ACEIMacroalbuminuria with ACEI
n10858
Sex (M:F)7:36:24:14:4
Age (years)33 ± 439 ± 657 ± 8*39 ± 4
Duration (years)14 ± 320 ± 735 ± 8*23 ± 3
SBP (mmHg)130 ± 4130 ± 7154 ± 9*136 ± 8
DBP (mmHg)84 ± 283 ± 583 ± 583 ± 6
HbA1c (%)8.3 ± 0.69.4 ± 0.89.1 ± 1.49.5 ± 0.7
Se creat (μmol/l)0.14 ± 0.060.09 ± 0.020.39 ± 0.13*0.16 ± 0.02
Creat cl (ml/s)2.2 ± 0.21.8 ± 0.40.8 ± 0.4*1.3 ± 0.3
  • Data are means ± SE.

  • *

    * P < 0.05 vs. normoalbuminuria;

  • P < 0.05 vs. microalbuminuria;

  • P < 0.05 vs. macroalbuminuria with ACE inhibitor treatment. Creat cl, creatinine clearance; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; SBP, systolic blood pressure; Se creat, serum creatinine.