Table 2—

Urinary excretion of albumin, CTGF-N, and TGF-β in patients with type 1 diabetes

NormoalbuminuriaMicroalbuminuriaMacroalbuminuria no ACEIMacroalbuminuria with ACEI
n10858
Albuminuria (mg/mg)1.1 ×/÷ 1.16.0 ×/÷ 1.4*177.8 ×/÷ 2.1124 ×/÷ 1.1
CTGF-N (ng/mg)0.23 ×/÷ 1.32.1 ×/÷ 1.7*203 ×/÷ 3.86.5 ×/÷ 1.7
TGF-β (ng/mg)0.77 ×/÷ 0.070.61 ×/÷ 0.241.09 ×/÷ 0.141.11 ×/÷ 0.11
  • *

    * P < 0.05 vs. normoalbuminuria;

  • P < 0.001 vs. microalbuminuria;

  • P < 0.01 vs. macroalbuminuria without ACEI. ACEI, ACE inhibitor.