Table 1—

Summary of total and incremental costs of the lifestyle, metformin, and placebo interventions in year-2000 U.S. dollars

LifestyleMetforminPlaceboLifestyle vs. placeboMetformin vs. placeboLifestyle vs. metformin
Direct medical costs
 Case finding139139139000
 Intervention2,7802,542792,7012,463238
 Care outside DPP4,5794,7395,011−432−272−160
Total costs from health system perspective7,4987,4205,2292,2692,19178
Direct nonmedical costs17,13715,68315,6921,445−91,455
Indirect costs2,4302,8342,604−174230−404
Total costs from societal perspective27,06525,93723,5253,5402,4121,128