Table 3—

Risk factors for type 2 diabetes

• Age ≥45 years
• Overweight (BMI ≥25 kg/m2*)
• First-degree relative with diabetes
• Habitual physical inactivity
• Member of a high-rigk ethnic population (e.g., African-American, Latino, Native American, Asian-American, Pacific Islander)
• Previously identified pre-diabetes (IFG or IGT)
• History of GDM or delivery of a baby weighing >9 lbs
• Hypertensive (≥140/90 mmHg)
• HDL cholesterol level ≤35 mg/dl (0.90 mmol/l) and/or a triglyceride level ≥250 mg/dl (2.82 mmol/l)
• PCOS
• History of vascular disease
  • *

    * May not be correct for all ethnic groups.