Table 1—

Demographic and clinical features of the survey population

Type 1 diabetesType 2 diabetes
n1,07011,173
Sex (%)
    Men50.049.0
    Women50.051.0
Age (years)31.0 ± 12.754.0 ± 11.0
Duration of diabetes (years)
    Time since diagnosis10 ± 7.67.6 ± 5.8
    Age at diagnosis22 ± 9.547 ± 10.6
Height (cm)163.1 ± 11.3162.9 ± 9.3
Weight (kg)64.1 ± 15.472.4 ± 14.7
BMI (kg/m2)24.0 ± 4.827.2 ± 4.9
Smoking (%)
    Current smokers17.020.0
    Nonsmokers83.080.0
Residential location (%)
    Urban79.080.0
    Rural21.020.0
Education level (%)
    No formal or primary education30.051.0
    Secondary or university level/higher education70.049.0
Occupation (%)
    Manual worker46.053.0
    Office employee54.047.0
Daily physical activity (%)
    Sedentary or light activity38.052.0
    Moderate activity52.042.0
    Heavy activity10.06.0
    Vigorous activity0.01.0
Diabetes complication
    Neuropathy256 (23.9)3,101 (27.8)
    Retinopathy231 (21.6)2,197 (19.7)
    Nephropathy152 (14.2)1,354 (12.1)
    Coronary artery disease64 (6.0)1,632 (14.6)
    Peripheral arterial disease84 (7.9)1,117 (10.0)
    Cerebrovascular disease16 (1.5)467 (4.2)
    Foot ulcer73 (6.8)571 (5.1)
    Amputation of lower limb17 (1.6)133 (1.2)
Comorbidity
    Hypertension180 (16.8)5,457 (48.8)
    Dyslipidemia151 (14.1)3,633 (32.5)
  • Data are means ± SD or n (%), unless otherwise indicated.