Table 2—

Changes in lifestyle, weight, and medication during Ramadan

Type 1 diabetesType 2 diabetes
n1,07011,173
Physical activity
    More110 (10.8)1,032 (9.4)
    Less358 (35.1)4,028 (36.8)
    Same552 (54.1)5,884 (53.8)
Sleeping duration
    More250 (24.5)1,772 (16.2)
    Less310 (30.4)4,168 (38.2)
    Same459 (45.0)4,984 (45.6)
Food intake
    More206 (20.3)2,025 (18.6)
    Less234 (23.1)3,284 (30.1)
    Same574 (56.6)5,594 (51.3)
Fluid intake
    More228 (22.5)2,210 (20.3)
    Less214 (21.1)3,312 (30.4)
    Same573 (56.5)5,356 (49.2)
Sugar intake
    More237 (23.4)2,452 (22.7)
    Less211 (20.8)2,677 (24.7)
    Same565 (55.8)5,688 (52.6)
Weight changes
    No change562 (62.5)5,286 (54.1)
    Gain161 (17.9)1,861 (19.1)
    Loss176 (19.6)2,628 (26.9)
Value of weight change (kg)
    Overall population332 (0.12 ± 3.79 )4,367 (−0.25 ± 3.25 )
    Patients who fasted at least 1 day235 (−0.51 ± 3.23 )4,152 (−0.32 ± 3.08 )
    Patients who reported weight gain159 (+3.24 ± 2.71 )1,811 (+2.78 ± 2.49 )
    Patients who reported weight loss173 (−2.74 ± 1.92 )2,556 (2.39 ± 1.61 )
Insulin dose
    Increased106 (10.7)150 (8.2)
    Decreased237 (24.0)452 (24.7)
    Maintained637 (64.5)1,174 (64.1)
    Stopped8 (0.8)55 (3.0)
OAD dose
    Increased5 (5.3)415 (4.4)
    Decreased14 (14.9)1,779 (18.8)
    Maintained74 (78.7)7,085 (74.8)
    Stopped1 (1.1)197 (2.1)
  • Data are n (%) or n (means ± SD).